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Daily Archives: febrero 15, 2017

Ciencia

Fin a la guerra de patentes sobre la edición genómica

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tecnologia

La oficina de patentes ha declarado que la técnica CRISPR-Cas9 pertenece a Feng Zhang, después de más de un año de batalla legal con la Universidad de California.

Más de un año después de que empezara la batalla legal entre la Universidad de California y el Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts (MIT) por la patente de la tecnología CRISPR-Cas9, la guerra ha llegado a su fin.

La Oficina de Patentes de Estados Unidos ha dictaminado este miércoles 15 de febrero que la invención de la revolucionaria técnica de edición del genoma pertenece a Feng Zhang, del centro de Massachusetts, informó Statnews.

Durante la sentencia del Juicio de Patentes y la Junta de Apelaciones, los tres jueces encargados de dictaminar el veredicto han confirmado que la patente otorgada al MIT en 2014 es suficientemente diferente a la patente solicitada por la Universidad de California y que no hay interferencias entre las solicitudes.

Jennifer Doudna y Emmanuelle Charpentier publicaron en la revista Science su investigación sobre el CRISPR-Cas9, una tecnología revolucionaria que permite modificar el ADN de forma más precisa y eficaz. El trabajo de las científicas fue galardonado con el Premio Princesa de Asturias de Investigación Científica y Técnica en 2015 y el Premio Gruber de Genética, entre otros.Fin a la guerra de patentes sobre la edición genómica

Sin embargo, la Oficina de Patentes ha declarado que los logros de Feng Zhang en los estudios de la aplicación de CRISPR-Cas9 en ratones y células humanas no tienen una relación directa con la investigación de Doudna y Carpentier.

A partir de ahora, Zhang será considerado como el científico que inventó la técnica que puede afectar en la terapia del cáncer o puede convertir a los cerdos en donantes de órganos para trasplantes en humanos.

La Universidad de California está considerando apelar la decisión del consejo y afirmó que están satisfechos de que su solicitud de patente, la cual describieron como la responsable de la invención de la técnica CRISPR-Cas9, pueda seguir avanzando.

En la pelea jurídica finalizada este 15 de febrero, estaba en juego un mercado estimado de 46 mil millones de dólares.

Fuente: https://hipertextual.com/2017/02/fin-guerra-patentes-genomica

Food

Dishes you should never make at home

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cocina

Shutterstock
Jennifer En
Whether they take too long, use too many obscure ingredients, or simply require an excess of effort, some dishes are simply not worth making at home. While I fully get that nowadays making food from scratch earns you a badge of honor, I am also a strong believer in leaving it to the professionals when it’s the most cost-effective thing to do. I say all this as someone who loves spending time in the kitchen, so believe me when I tell you why you ought to skip making the following dishes at home.

Sushi
Shutterstock

I love ordering sushi at Japanese restaurants because it feels special. Part of the sentiment has to do with going out to enjoy a delicacy prepared by professionals who have spent years to learn how to do that work. While I understand the desire to give sushi-making a try, the fact that it is a practiced craft is one good reason to skip the homemade session. Another reason? Authentic sushi uses raw fish, which can be tricky if you’re not a seasoned pro. From procurement to cleaning to preparation, working with raw seafood can pose serious food safety hazards. As such, sushi really isn’t worth trying to make from scratch, as it’s just one of those things that’s best left to a professional.

Pho and other Vietnamese soups
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There’s something incredibly comforting about sitting down to a steaming order of pho, bun bo hue, or any other insanely flavorful, meaty Vietnamese soup. As such, I totally understand the desire to replicate the experience at home. While there are countless recipes out there for Vietnamese soups, most of them are quasi-authentic takes on the originals at best. The reason is that the bowls of soups you order at Vietnamese restaurants get their delicious appeal from rich and flavorful bone broths that require several hours to make. In most cases, a generously sized bowl of pho can be had in New York City — one of the most expensive cities in the world — for $10 or less. Due to the time-consuming nature of the Vietnamese soup-making process and the relative low cost at restaurants, I really can’t justify making any of these soups at home.

Deep-fried anything
Shutterstock
Deep frying is a culinary activity I find truly annoying. Whenever I have subjected myself to frying foods in my kitchen (sans deep fryer, mind you) I have regretted the experience immediately after it has begun. Sure, I like old-fashioned doughnuts, onion rings, and the occasional fried chicken, but boy, do I hate the mess that ensues. Filling an entire large pot with oil always seems extremely wasteful — and gross — since I know I’m only cooking a small batch of whatever I’m making. Afterward, I inevitably strain the oil and keep it around for a few days until I realize I have nothing else I want to deep fry for another stretch of several months and finally throw it out. Between the splatter, oil burns, and waste, I tend to satisfy my rare cravings for deep-fried foods when I’m eating out instead.

Read More: http://www.mashed.com/41567/dishes-never-make-home/?utm_campaign=clip

Movies

False facts about Star Wars you always thought were true

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Star Wars is truly a film series that links generations together. Fans of the original showed their children the prequels, and some of the children who loved the prequels are now taking their younglings to see The Force Awakens and Rogue One. With these generations of Force-loving fans, it would be easy to think all the Jedi secrets have been shaken out of a galaxy far, far away. Along the way, though, fans have made many assumptions about their most beloved movies and characters that aren’t true … even from “a certain point of view.”

Stormtroopers are terrible shots
This misconception dates all the way back to the first Star Wars movie. Obi-Wan Kenobi serves as a hype man for Stormtroopers and their accuracy when he determines that Sand People couldn’t have killed the Jawas in the desert. “Only Imperial Stormtroopers are this precise,” he said. However, when our heroes rescue Princess Leia from the Death Star, the Stormtroopers seemingly can’t land a single shot, leading to four decades of jokes about these “precise” troopers having absolutely terrible aim.

However, this is proven false by a major plot point of the movie. Princess Leia speculates (and Grand Moff Tarkin confirms) that their escape was “too easy,” and that the Empire simply let them go. This is true, of course, with our heroes unwittingly bringing a homing beacon back to their hidden base. The heroes obviously can’t lead the Empire back to the base if the heroes are fried to a crisp like Luke’s aunt and uncle. Therefore, all those Stormtroopers had to deliberately miss the main characters, in order for the plan to work. Instead of joking about their bad aim, viewers should really be congratulating them on their solid improvisational acting abilities!

Luke would never join the Empire

Here’s another misconception that stems from the first movie. Most viewers assume that Luke would never have joined the Empire. In fact, he practically says so himself, telling C-3PO about how much he hates the Empire, and showing clear enthusiasm for stories about the Rebellion.

Luke gives a bit of a mixed message, though, when he argues with his uncle about being able to join “the Academy” like his friend Biggs did. Canonically, this academy is an Imperial Academy—Biggs joined the Empire before defecting with several others, which is a similar story to Wedge Antilles. This is made clear in some of the deleted scenes from the first movie, as well as some of the extended universe material that later came out. To be fair, it’s entirely possible that Luke would have ended up defecting like his friends did, but the truth remains that, if his uncle had been more lenient, Luke would have been wearing a TIE pilot uniform before he ever flew down a Death Star trench as a Rebel pilot.

“Less than 12 parsecs” was a mistake
Han Solo drove nerds crazy when he bragged about making the Kessel Run in “less than 12 parsecs.” As almost any sci-fi fan will tell you, a parsec is a measurement of distance, and not time. Therefore, this claim doesn’t work in the “how fast can you win the race” sense, because it instead means Han somehow completed this run in less distance. Must be a plothole, right?

Not really. Multiple writers and fans over the years have successfully taken to writing both Han Solo and George Lucas out of this particular corner. The most accepted explanation comes from Star Wars: The Essential Atlas. These books explain that the Kessel Run itself runs really close to a series of black holes known as “The Maw.” The normal run was typically 18 parsecs long, but pilots could get close to the black holes to effectively cut parsecs off their run.

In one particular misadventure, Han pilots right through the heart of the Maw and emerges on the other side. Thus, the nature of his boast is twofold, as it proves his superiority to other pilots (most of whom wouldn’t dare get so close to the black holes) and the power of his ship (it obviously takes some powerful engines to skirt black holes without falling in).

Of course, the science of skimming so close to a black hole also means that, realistically, Han Solo would have time-traveled decades into the future due to time dilation. If you’re feeling generous, this does bolster its claim, as going 40 years in a day really does make the Falcon the fastest hunk of junk in the galaxy!

Leia was a beloved character from the start

As far as most fans are concerned, Leia Organa is an absolutely beloved character and always has been. She’s a take-charge, badass woman who rescues others as much as she gets rescued, and doesn’t take crap from anybody. There’s a reason that Leia’s a feminist icon — even when she’s put in a weird gold bikini to be an alien slug’s slave, she ends up choking the actual life out of him.

Thing is, according to no less than Carrie Fisher herself, Leia being a beloved icon from Scene 1 on was not the case. In a 1983 interview with Rolling Stone magazine (the one with possibly the greatest cover of any publication in the galaxy), Fisher revealed that the writers struggled to make Leia easy to relate to. Because she had lost her planet and everyone on it, Fisher said “all she has is a cause” and that for the writers, the “only way they knew to make the character strong was to make her angry.”

Therefore, the same strength that many fans love about Leia left a lot of early fans cold, and Fisher said they thought she was “some kind of space b****.” According to her, Return of the Jedi involved very deliberate reinvention of her character, where she “gets to be more feminine, more supportive, more affectionate.” (This would explain her more pronounced romance with Han, friendship with Ewoks, empathy with Luke, and so on.)

The ironic downside to softening her character, however, is that because these movies were presented as “basically boys’ fantasies,” the filmmakers felt they couldn’t fully feminize Leia without having “her take off her clothes” — hence, the infamous gold bikini was born.

Ewoks are cute and harmless
Ewoks are some of the most reviled aliens in all of Star Wars fandom. Some fans resent what might have been (originally, Return of the Jedi was going to feature Wookies instead of Ewoks), while others resent that they are a clear marketing ploy to children (for instance, the word “Ewok” is never used in the movie, but the never-ending bevy of merchandise and crappy cartoons made the word universal).

Perhaps above all, fans resent that the Ewoks are presented as cute and harmless. Here’s the deal, though: Ewoks aren’t cute and cuddly at all. Canonically, they hunt and eat other living creatures, like humans, which is what they tried to do to Han (as shown here) — C3PO even tells Han that the smuggler will be “the main course at a banquet in my honor.” Remember the cutesy scene at the end, with the Ewok drumming on those Stormtrooper helmets? He almost certainly cooked and ate that soldier before doing a Stomp routine with his armor.

If that’s not enough, Lucas revealed on the commentary to the 2004 re-release of the Star Wars movies that the Ewoks and their guerrilla fighting are modeled after the Viet Cong. In addition to the uncomfortable fact that this basically makes America the Empire, it means that those cutesy teddy bear creatures are modeled after a military force that killed nearly 60,000 trained soldiers. Next time someone tells you Ewoks are cute, ask them how they can casually admire an alien metaphor for cannibalistic Viet Cong soldiers.

Vader said “Luke, I am your father”

Darth Vader’s famous for many things, perhaps the biggest being the revelation that he is Luke Skywalker’s father. Hence, everyone working their best Darth Vader imitation voice and uttering the famous line, “Luke, I am your father!” Like you just did. It’s OK to admit it.

There’s just one problem here: Darth Vader never said that. Joining the ranks of quotes like “Beam me up, Scotty,” the line “Luke, I am your father” has been misremembered and misquoted by countless people for decades. The actual line that Vader utters is, “No, I am your father.”

Now, in the context of Empire Strikes Back, the real line makes a lot of sense, as it’s a retort to Luke accusing Vader of betraying and murdering his father. The misquote, on its own, also makes sense because people saying “no” unbidden is very confusing, while adding “Luke” gives an otherwise out-of-place quote some much-needed cultural context. Or, if you subscribe to the online cult of the Mandela Effect, Vader did say “Luke, I am your father,” and people are simply experiencing shared memories from a parallel universe.

C3PO was always completely golden
When The Force Awakens came out, audiences were happy to see the return of C3PO, even though when he was on screen, it was clear that something had changed. Specifically, he now had a red arm, instead of his typical golden appendage. Many fans were surprised, as they remembered C3PO as being entirely golden in the Original Trilogy. However, that’s not true at all.

In the Original Trilogy, C3PO actually sported a silver leg throughout his adventures that broke up his otherwise-uniform golden body. Older, non-canonical stories attempted to explain that his original golden leg was blown off by a bomb and then replaced, but it’s far more likely that the droid — like everything else in the original movie — was meant to have a “used” look that contributed to the feeling of a lived-in universe (which contrasts starkly with the pristine look of the Prequel Trilogy).

Visually, the presence of that replaced limb also helps prove his claim to Luke that he and R2D2 have been traveling around the galaxy in the company of Rebels, which is a very dangerous occupation. Also, the prequel revelation that C3PO was actually created by a young Anakin Skywalker, from the various parts he cobbled together, helps explain that the character has always been a bit of a patchwork creation that gets additions and replacements from time to time.

Tatooine is remote and unimportant

Audiences see Star Wars through the eyes of Luke Skywalker, which unfortunately means our perceptions are limited by Luke’s biases. For instance, like most young people stuck with the people who raised them, Luke hates where he lives. He describes Tatooine as being the “planet farthest from” any kind of “bright center to the universe,” and constantly pesters his Uncle Owen to let him enter the Academy, so as to eventually leave the planet. Because of all this, viewers get the idea that Tatooine is remote and unimportant. However, there’s plenty of evidence that this is flat-out wrong.

Canonically, Luke lives in the boondocks on a farm. However, Tatooine seems filled with cities like Mos Eisley and Mos Espa, both full of life and commerce. The very presence of smugglers like Han Solo and the other denizens of the Cantina means there’s plenty of business (both legal and otherwise) for them to procure on the planet. Then there’s Phantom Menace, which made it apparent that Tatooine hosts numerous events sponsored by influential beings like Jabba the Hutt — including major podraces — that seem to attract tourists and participants from all over the galaxy.

Why, then, do other characters sometimes comment on how remote Tatooine is? Consider the source, as these are usually Republic characters who view anything outside of their boundaries (and, therefore, outside their control) as far away and unimportant, despite all the apparent tourism and commerce happening.

Read More: http://www.grunge.com/32634/false-facts-star-wars-always-thought-true/?utm_campaign=clip

Autos

Anticipo: los autos que se lanzarán en Argentina en 2017

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autos

En 2017, la industria automotriz argentina experimentará un año con gran cantidad de lanzamientos. Desde los segmentos más económicos hasta los más exclusivos, la oferta se enriquecerá con una camada de nuevos productos y una cifra que podría orillar las 100 novedades en el transcurso del año.

En un relevamiento exclusivo de CarsMagazine.com.ar, basado en consultas directas a cada marca, te presentamos el listado de los lanzamientos previstos para 2017. Y también, aquellos productos que las terminales aún no confirman oficialmente (por esa razón, aparecen entre signos de interrogación), o que por incertidumbre sobre los tiempos de homologación no están plenamente confirmados para el año entrante.

En definitiva, un listado que podrá ir variando y ajustándose con el transcurrir de los próximos meses –además, se espera el arribo de nuevas marcas chinas como Great Wall, Foton y Brilliance/Shineray–, pero que sin duda representa una base de lo que está por llegar…

ALFA ROMEO
MiTo (restyling)
Giulietta (restyling)
4C
Giulia
¿Stelvio?

AUDI
R8
A3 (restyling)
Q2
A5
Q5

BMW
Serie 7
Serie 5

BRILLIANCE
Shineray X30
Shineray T30lanzamientos-argentina-2017
Shineray T32

CHERY
Arrizo 5
¿Arrizo 7?
¿Tiggo 2?

CHEVROLET
Camaro
Spin (restyling)
Tracker (restyling)

CHRYSLER
¿Pacifica?

CITROËN
C-Elysee (restyling)
C4 Cactus
Spacetourer
Berlingo (restyling)
Jumper (restyling)

DODGE
¿Challenger?

DS
D3 Performance
DS 4 Performance Line
DS 3 Cabrio
¿DS 5?

FIAT
¿Uno? (restyling)
Proyecto X6S (reemplazante de Grand Siena / Linea)
Proyecto X6H (reemplazante de Punto)
¿124 Spider?

FORD
Mondeo (restyling)
S-Max
Ka Sedán
¿EcoSport? (restyling)
¿Fiesta? (restyling)

FOTON
Tunland

GEELY
NL3
¿EX7?
GS

GREAT WALL
¿C30?
¿C50?
¿M4?
¿H5?
¿H6?
¿Wingle?

HONDA
Fit
¿WR-V?

HYUNDAI
H350
H100
¿i30?
¿i20?
¿HB20?

ISUZU
Serie N
D-Max

JAGUAR
F-Pace
XF

JEEP
Renegade 1.8 Automático
Renegade 2.0 Diésel
Compass
Cherokee

KIA
K2500 (restyling)
Soul (restyling)
Cerato Sedán / Hatchback (restyling)
Rio
Picanto

LAND ROVER
Discovery 5
Range Rover Evoque Cabrio

LIFAN
Foison Box
My Way

MERCEDES-BENZ
Clase G
Clase E
GLC Coupé
SLC
GLS

MINI
Countryman

MITSUBISHI
Outlander Sport (restyling)

NISSAN
Murano
Kicks
¿X-Trail?

PEUGEOT
208 GTi
308 S GTi
301
208 HDi
Boxer (restyling)
3008
5008
¿Partner? (restyling)
¿Traveller?

PORSCHE
718 Cayman / Boxster
Panamera

RAM
1500 V6 3.6 Pentastar

RENAULT
Kangoo Z.E.
Twizy Z.E.
Kwid
Koleos

SUBARU
Legacy
Outback

SUZUKI
Baleno
¿Jimny?

TOYOTA
Innova
¿Etios? (restyling)
¿Corolla? (restyling)

VOLKSWAGEN
The Beetle (restyling)
Suran Track
Passat
Amarok V6
Up! (restyling y motor turbo)
¿Golf? (restyling)
Tiguan AllSpace

 

Fuente: http://www.carsmagazine.com.ar/lanzamientos-autos-argentina-2017/